Chris Marker
(France)

Chris Marker was born Christian François Bouche-Villeneuve, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, July 29, 1921. In World War II he joined the Maquis (FTP). After the war he began to write and make films. He traveled to many socialist countries and documented what he saw in films and books. Les statues meurent aussi (1953) which he codirected with Alain Resnais was one of the first anticolonial films. He became known internationally for the short film La Jetée (1962). It tells of a post-nuclear war experiment in time travel by using a series of filmed photographs developed as a photomontage of varying pace with limited narration and sound effects. This film was the inspiration for Mamoru Oshii's debut live action feature The Red Spectacles (1987) (later for Avalon) and also inspired Terry Gilliam's Twelve Monkeys (1995).
In 1982 Marker finished Sans Soleil, stretching the limits of what could be called a documentary. It is an essay, a montage, mixing pieces of documentary with fiction and philosophical comments, creating an atmosphere of dream and science fiction. The main themes are Japan, Africa, (the erasing of) memory and travel. A sequence in the middle of the film takes place in San Francisco, and heavily references Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo.
Beginning with Sans Soleil he developed a deep interest in digital technology, which led to his film Level 5 (1996) and Immemory (1998, 2008), an interactive multimedia CD-ROM, produced for the Centre Pompidou (French language version) and from Exact Change (English version). Marker created a 19 minute multimedia piece in 2005 for The Museum of Modern Art in New York titled Owls at Noon Prelude: The Hollow Men which was influenced by T. S. Eliot's poem.

Films
Filmography
Stopover In Dubai
2011
Leila Attacks
2006
Chats perchés / The Case of the Grinning Cat
2004
Le Souvenir d'un avenir
2001
Cinéma de notre temps: une journée d'Andrei Arsenevitch
2000
Level Five
1997
Le Tombeau d'Alexandre
1993
Le Facteur sonne toujours cheval
1992
Berliner Ballade
1990
L'Héritage de la chouette
1989
Mémoires pour Simone
1986
A.K.
1985
From Chris to Christo
1985
2084
1984
Sans soleil / Sunless
1983
Junkopia
1981
Le Fond de l'air est rouge
1977
La Solitude du chanteur de fond
1974
L'Ambassade
1973
Vive la baleine
1972
On vous parle de Prague: le deuxième procès d'Artur London
1971
La Bataille des dix millions
1971
Le Train en marche
1971
Carlos Marighela
1970
Les Mots ont un sens
1970
Jour de tournage
1969
On vous parle du Brésil
1969
À bientôt, j'espère
1968
La Sixième face du pentagone – together with François Reichenbach
1968
Loin du Vietnam
1967
Rhodiacéta
1967
Si j'avais quatre dromadaires
1966
Le Mystère Koumiko
1965
Le Joli mai
1963
La Jetée / The Pier
1962
¡Cuba Sí!
1961
Description d'un combat
1960
Les Astronautes - together with Walerian Borowczyk
1959
Lettre de Sibérie
1957
Dimanche à Pekin
1956
Les Statues meurent aussi – together with Alainem Resnais
1953
Olympia 52
1952

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