Chris Marker was born Christian François Bouche-Villeneuve, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, July 29, 1921. In World War II he joined the Maquis (FTP). After the war he began to write and make films. He traveled to many socialist countries and documented what he saw in films and books. Les statues meurent aussi (1953) which he codirected with Alain Resnais was one of the first anticolonial films.
He became known internationally for the short film La Jetée (1962). It tells of a post-nuclear war experiment in time travel by using a series of filmed photographs developed as a photomontage of varying pace with limited narration and sound effects. This film was the inspiration for Mamoru Oshii's debut live action feature The Red Spectacles (1987) (later for Avalon) and also inspired Terry Gilliam's Twelve Monkeys (1995).
In 1982 Marker finished Sans Soleil, stretching the limits of what could be called a documentary. It is an essay, a montage, mixing pieces of documentary with fiction and philosophical comments, creating an atmosphere of dream and science fiction. The main themes are Japan, Africa, (the erasing of) memory and travel. A sequence in the middle of the film takes place in San Francisco, and heavily references Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo.
Beginning with Sans Soleil he developed a deep interest in digital technology, which led to his film Level 5 (1996) and Immemory (1998, 2008), an interactive multimedia CD-ROM, produced for the Centre Pompidou (French language version) and from Exact Change (English version). Marker created a 19 minute multimedia piece in 2005 for The Museum of Modern Art in New York titled Owls at Noon Prelude: The Hollow Men which was influenced by T. S. Eliot's poem.
Stopover In Dubai
Chats perchés / The Case of the Grinning Cat
Le Souvenir d'un avenir
Cinéma de notre temps: une journée d'Andrei Arsenevitch
Le Tombeau d'Alexandre
Le Facteur sonne toujours cheval
L'Héritage de la chouette
Mémoires pour Simone
From Chris to Christo
Sans soleil / Sunless
Le Fond de l'air est rouge
La Solitude du chanteur de fond
Vive la baleine
On vous parle de Prague: le deuxième procès d'Artur London
La Bataille des dix millions
Le Train en marche
Les Mots ont un sens
Jour de tournage
On vous parle du Brésil
À bientôt, j'espère
La Sixième face du pentagone – together with François Reichenbach
Loin du Vietnam
Si j'avais quatre dromadaires
Le Mystère Koumiko
Le Joli mai
La Jetée / The Pier
Description d'un combat
Les Astronautes - together with Walerian Borowczyk
Lettre de Sibérie
Dimanche à Pekin
Les Statues meurent aussi – together with Alainem Resnais
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